When Your Doctor Says, “It’s Not Arthritis ? It’s Bursitis”

If you have been suffering knee pain and stiffness for awhile, you probably assume it is arthritis. You finally make an appointment with your doctor and, once there, you are sure he is going to tell you something that is going to make you feel old. Instead, he tells you that your knee pain isn’t arthritis. It’s bursitis.Sports Medicine

Knee pain is among the most common ailments seen by orthopedic surgeons and rheumatologists. Sometimes it is caused by physical trauma caused during sports or physical overexertion. Sometimes it is caused by arthritis, and sometimes it is caused by bursitis.

What Is Bursitis?

This is a condition where the bursae, the small sacs of fluid that cushion joints, become inflamed. There are a multitude of bursae surrounding the knee joint, and when they become irritated they swell and cause pain, redness and even heat.

There are four common types of bursitis. The first is Anserine which is common in middle-aged individuals, typically those who are obese. It can be felt along the inside of the knee just below the line of the joint. Walking, climbing stairs and other activity can make it feel worse. It is often ignored because it accompanies osteoarthritis in the knee.

Treatment is usually in the form of topical anti-inflammatories, physical therapy, ice compresses and sometimes steroid injections.

The next type is Prepatellar. This affects bursa in the front of the kneecap. This is related to pressure caused by continuous kneeling. Plumbers, carpet installers and electricians are frequent sufferers of this type of the injury. Before treatment begins, an infection must be ruled out. Infected bursa must be treated first with antibiotics.

Infrapatellar affects the bursa that is located beneath the kneecap. It is also the type to affect those who work frequently while kneeling. Sometimes, this type is caused by trauma. Infection must also be ruled out before it is treated using conventional methods. Antibiotics would also be prescribed in the event an infection is present. Once a course of antibiotics has stopped the infection, the next steps in treatment can be taken.

Suprapatellar affects bursa above the kneecap. This is the most uncommon form, but it is found in patients who have some forms of arthritis. Most all types will respond to rest, NSAID pain relievers, kneepads, and ice compresses. More severe cases usually require some steroidal injections, but this is only administered following a confirming ultrasound.

If your doctor gives you the dreaded announcement that you have bursitis rather than arthritis, understand that this is easily treated. Always be sure any existing infection, however, is treated first.

Contact the top Houston Orthopaedic Surgeon: Dr. Mark S. Sanders, MD

Detecting Colon Cancer Early On

colonThe colon is an important part of the digestive system in humans. The growth of tissue that is malignant in the colon is known as being colon cancer. This is a form of cancer that is feared as it can do a whole lot of damage to the digestive system. This kind of malignant tumor will form on the inner walls of the large intestine, breaking down tissues and eventually spreading to other parts of the body if it is not taken care of.

Understanding The Symptoms

Some of the most common symptoms of colon cancer will be abdominal pains, constipation, blood in the stool, unusual bowel movements and diarrhea. However, there can be more or less symptoms and some of these can be indications of other problems related to digestion. It is always best to seek out the advice of a trained professional if you are concerned about the way in which your digestive system is working or if any of the symptoms that you are experiencing seem to be persistent. There could be several tests and examinations scheduled to make a final determination of health status.

Common Tests For Colon Cancer

A lot of the testing that is to be done for colon cancer will need to be done with an empty bowel. There could be special x-rays, a colonoscopy using a scope and a fiber optic camera to help determine of colon cancer is present. Because these tests can be painful, the patient may be under a certain type of sedation or local anesthesia to keep them as comfortable as possible while the procedure is done.

Capsule Endoscopy – This is a test that is made to look at the middle portion of the gastrointestinal tract, particularly the small intestine. During this procedure, the patient is asked to swallow a pill that contains a wireless camera. The pill makes its way throughout the small intestine, taking pictures all the way through and sending images back for the physician to analyze.

Colon Cancer Screening – This is a screening that looks at the colon in general to see if there is any indication that colon cancer is present. This is usually done with a test of fecal blood through stool samples according to the provider of colon screening San Antonio.

Upper Endoscopy – Also known as upper gastrointestinal endoscopy, an upper endoscopy looks at the intestinal tract with a lighted, flexible tube. This is a test that searches for ulcers, precancerous conditions, bowel obstructions, hernia, inflammation and much more.

Flexible Sigmoidoscopy – This is a procedure that is very popular in the detection of colon cancer. During the procedure, the screening is done with a sigmoidoscope to help locate an possible cancer growths that may be present in the rectum and colon. With regular screenings, this is a procedure that can find the presence of any sort of tumor before it starts to get too large.

No matter what, you should know that these screenings are very important if you want to be sure that you can catch colon cancer early on.

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The Purpose of the Health Department

hsjsfxmhjThe department of health in most jurisdictions is in charge of all things to with public health and safety concerns for a community. The department oversees many areas such as water, the environment, trash removal, licensing for health services personnel, funeral homes, public safety, disease control and any other health related issues that a community would be concerned with.

The overseeing and community with the medical community is very important, as when a disease comes to a community such as influenza or the measles. It is the job of the health department to coordinate any measures that would need to be taken to protect the community from the effects of an epidemic.

The overseeing of water quality in any community is an important aspect of keeping a population safe from disease. Water is one of the prime elements where some serious diseases can proliferate and be spread very easily. The proper filtration and chemicals must be monitored and frequent testing is usually the order of the day.

Sewage disposal is another primary area where the department of health must be on top of. Typically,  a community will have a sewage processing plant that is located in an area away from a population where sewage is treated and turned back into potable water. The department of health will frequently be testing the process to ensure that the quality of potable water is up to standards.

Restaurants all have to pass muster with a department of health and before they can open they  will have to measure up to the quality and knowledge that the department sets forth. Periodic checks will also ensure that a restaurant is continuing to meet those rules. If a restaurant is found not to be measuring up, the problem will have to be corrected, or the department of health will have the power to shut it down.affvfs ehb

School safety and procedures will come under the watch of the department of health. Provisions for the establishment of entrance standards and required immunizations are set into place and all children who enter school must adhere to these rules.

There is usually a medical examiner who is in charge of all things medical, and a coroner who is responsible for autopsies, and medical investigations in criminal cases. The medical examiner and the coroner is sometimes one in the same person, and this office will also be in charge of death certificates, giving annual reports about the office, and being in charge of any processes in regard to community health issues from natural disasters and illness epidemics.

The department of health in a community also is a great resource for the population of that area in terms of information about health issues. Just giving people information about where to go for health care and treatment is a great help to the general public.

A health department is a must have for any community because of the nature of health problems that can crop up at any time, and sometimes very suddenly. By having a professional and competent department of health, these problems can be taken care of and the public is better for it.